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小学数学合作学习模式初探

合作学习,成长吧啊,数学,成长吧啊,www.czbaa.com,数学

组合作学习是一种有利于学生主动参与的多样化的教学组织形式,对于小学数学的合作学习模式来说,虽然是一种极为有效的学习方式,但我们还必须认真探究,找出有效的对策来优化它的教学,使其真正发挥应有的作用。

一、针对农村学生具体情况探索教法

在教育教学中离不开团结合作,为了让农村的学生和城里学生拉近距离,促进农村学生能够自主的学习,让山区的教育走向现代化,很多教师为此煞费苦心。因为农村的孩子比较顽皮、懒散、爱搞恶作剧,没有团体意识,究其原因是家长意识不够,留守儿童众多,为了适应素质教育的需求,很多中小学教师积极摸索新的教学方法、教学方式,改变传统的教学理念,探索素质教育的途径,在课堂教学中采用合作学习的教学方式,可以显著提高学生的学习效率,提高课堂的教学效果。在小学数学课堂上采用合作学习法,让学生合作进行讨论学习,可以充分集中小学生的注意力,提高他们学习的积极性,从而找到了提高小学生学习数学的捷径。

二、课堂中如何开展合作学习

在小学数学课堂教学中,无论是采用合作学习教学法,还是其他新的教学方法,都离不开教师的指导。尽管新的教学观念认为,课堂教学应该以学生为中心,但是小学生的年龄较小,课堂自觉性比较低,必须有教师进行督导,才能将课堂教学顺利进行,这就要求教师在课堂上,让小学生进行合作学习时,必须做好自己的本分工作。采用合作学习教学法,教师的作用是怎样把学生进行合适的分组,让每一个小组内的学生能够相互合作。教师的分组往往会决定小学生的合作学习效果,这是因为如果把几个不喜欢学习的学生分在一起,那么他们不可能去认真的讨论学习的问题,而如果把学习好的学生和学习差的学生分在一起,成绩好点的学生可能会起到带动作用。当然,在分组时不能仅仅考虑学生的成绩问题,还要充分考虑到每个学生的性格,如果把一个内向的学生放在一群外向的学生中去,那么在合作学习中内向的学生很可能不会做任何讨论学习。所以在数学课堂教学中采用合作学习教学法,教师首先要把学生进行合适的分组。采用合作学习的教学方式进行教学,教师在分组完成后,就要考虑怎样实施合作学习,合作学习的关键是学生进行讨论学习,那么学生讨论什么内容是教师值得思考的问题。根据我这些年的教学经验认为,小学数学教学中,教师在合作学习中提出的问题,不仅要有一定的难度,关键是要有讨论的价值,要留给学习足够的讨论空间,问题的开放性要强。

小学生年龄小,好奇心强,容易对一些有意义的事情产生浓厚的兴趣,教师在课堂教学中要充分抓住小学生的心理特点,激发小学生的学习兴趣。同时小学生的特点决定了数学课堂上的合作学习中教师要做好监督工作。在合作学习的讨论过程中,如果小学生没有教师的监督,那么很可能会导致学生讨论的混乱,降低合作学习的效果。所以,教师在给学生分组完成后,要在教室中不停的巡视,加强监督,督促学生积极发言。在学生讨论结束后,教师要对学生的讨论结果进行总结,邀请一些讨论较好的组进行发言,对特别优秀的成果,让全班同学进行讨论。教师要根据学生的讨论结果进行评价,评价不但要注重学生的讨论结果,还要考虑到学生在合作学习中的表现,对优秀的学生进行表扬,对不积极的同学给于适当的批评教育和鼓励,希望他们下次积极参与研讨。

总之,随着新课程改革的不断发展,随着我们意识的不断提高,教师要善于激发学生的求知欲望,使学生愿意合作学习,把握合作学习的契机,给学生提供参与的机会,培养学生的合作能力,使学生学会合作,从而使学生真正成为学习的主人。(来源:黔西南日报)

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